ShroudedSnooper’s HTTPSnoop Backdoor Targets Center East Telecom Corporations

Sep 19, 2023THNMalware / Cyber Risk

Telecommunication service suppliers within the Center East are the goal of a brand new intrusion set dubbed ShroudedSnooper that employs a stealthy backdoor known as HTTPSnoop.

“HTTPSnoop is a simple, yet effective, backdoor that consists of novel techniques to interface with Windows HTTP kernel drivers and devices to listen to incoming requests for specific HTTP(S) URLs and execute that content on the infected endpoint,” Cisco Talos said in a report shared with The Hacker Information.

Additionally a part of the menace actor’s arsenal is a sister implant codenamed PipeSnoop that may settle for arbitrary shellcode from a named pipe and execute it on the contaminated endpoint.

It is suspected that ShroudedSnooper exploits internet-facing servers and deploys HTTPSnoop to realize preliminary entry to focus on environments, with each the malware strains impersonating elements of Palo Alto Networks’ Cortex XDR software (“CyveraConsole.exe“) to fly beneath the radar.

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Three totally different HTTPSnoop variants have been detected to this point. The malware makes use of low-level Home windows APIs to hear for incoming requests matching predefined URL patterns, that are then picked as much as extract the shellcode to be executed on the host.

These HTTP URLs imitate these from Microsoft Trade Net Companies, OfficeTrack, and provisioning companies related to an Israeli telecommunications firm in an try and make malicious requests almost indistinguishable from benign site visitors.

“The HTTP URLs used by HTTPSnoop along with the binding to the built-in Windows web server indicate that it was likely designed to work on internet-exposed web and EWS servers,” Talos researchers stated. “PipeSnoop, however, as the name may imply, reads and writes to and from a Windows IPC pipe for its input/output (I/O) capabilities.”

“This suggests the implant is likely designed to function further within a compromised enterprise – instead of public-facing servers like HTTPSnoop — and probably is intended for use against endpoints the malware operators deem more valuable or high-priority.”

The character of the malware signifies that PipeSnoop can’t operate as a standalone implant and that it requires an auxiliary part, which acts as a server to acquire the shellcode through different strategies, and use the named pipe to move it on the backdoor.

The targeting of the telecom sectorsignificantly within the Center East, has grow to be something of a pattern lately.

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In January 2021, ClearSky uncovered a set of assaults orchestrated by Lebanese Cedar that was aimed toward telecom operators within the U.S., the U.Okay., and Center-East Asia. Later that December, Broadcom-owned Symantec make clear an espionage campaign concentrating on telecom operators within the Center East and Asia by a possible Iranian menace actor often known as MuddyWater (aka Seedworm).

Different adversarial collectives tracked beneath the monikers BackdoorDiplomacy, WIP26and Granite Typhoon (previously Gallium) have additionally been attributed to assaults on telecommunication service suppliers within the area over the previous 12 months.

“Telecommunications organizations have tremendous visibility into internet traffic, both retail and enterprise related,” Talos researchers stated. “Furthermore, most telecommunications infrastructure often comprises backbone networks that are critical to establishing connectivity both within and outside countries and are therefore of high value for state sponsored groups.”

(The story has been up to date after publication to incorporate responses from Cisco Talos researchers.)

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Author: data@thehackernews.com (The Hacker Information)
Date: 2023-09-19 08:35:00

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Alina A, Toronto
Alina A, Torontohttp://alinaa-cybersecurity.com
Alina A, an UofT graduate & Google Certified Cyber Security analyst, currently based in Toronto, Canada. She is passionate for Research and to write about Cyber-security related issues, trends and concerns in an emerging digital world.

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